The Indian government announced in April 2017 an ambitious target to stop the sales of internal combustion engine vehicles by the end of year 2030. As a part of this effort NITI Aayog has started a series of actions to ensure that the necessary EV charging station capacity is available as the adoption of electric vehicles advances and an increasing number of users are in need of these charging services in India.
Honorable Amitabh Kant, CEO of NITI Aayog: “My compliments to AC2SG Software for a unique initiative in completing and publishing the study on India’s vision of EV adoption and its implementation in NCR Region. It is a highly professional study undertaken with great technical competence.”
The challenge with the EV charging station deployment is on one hand that the forecasting of the number and locations of the stations needed in 2030 is very difficult and on the other hand the deployment of an unnecessarily large number of stations in the early phase is not economically feasible. In the early deployment the key issues are the geographical coverage of the charging station network, the choice of the right types of charging stations and the optimization of the construction costs.
“At this stage the planning work primarily focuses on these issues and ensures that the early-stage charging station network is “fit for purpose”. Early user experiences and feedback are fundamentally important for the successful uptake of electric vehicles, therefore ensuring user satisfaction and seamless user experience are the key focus areas for the planning”, says Jaakko Aho, managing director of AC2SG Software.
The EV charging station deployment in India is at an early stage and NITI Aayog wanted to benefit from practical experience of EV infrastructure implementation in countries where this has already been started. To be useful the planning has to maintain a neutral view on the charging station suppliers and on standards in this area.
The planning focused on the geographical corridor from the high-tech center of Gurgaon to South Delhi via the IGI international airport and onwards to the Noida industrial area. This area is an epicenter of governmental institutions and key business locations. The particular challenges for the planning and deployment are the high amount of traffic, difficulty in finding public spaces for construction and the challenges with traffic arrangements and disruptions, for example finding adequate space for parking.
Managing director Aho: “This has been a very interesting and challenging project for us. The planning that we have done in Finland and elsewhere has not had the scale that Delhi has and the challenges are somewhat simpler. However, working in co-operation with NITI Aayog we have been able to resolve the issues and come up with solutions to these challenges.”
Dharmender Singh, country head for AC2SG Software in India: “The co-operation with NITI Aayog is an important step for us. We believe that this work illustrates the need to do planning for EV infrastructure and thus increases the interest for our capabilities and services. This is the right time to address these challenges in India and therefore the right time for us to be here.”